Dengue Fever Is The Fastest-spreading Mosquito-borne Disease Worldwide And Is The Result Of Four Types Of Dengue Viruses.
Dengue cases are also on the rise in various cities in Pakistan.
An estimated 400 million people worldwide are infected with dengue each year, of which 96 million are ill.
Dengue fever is caused by the bite of an Aedes mosquito, which is itself infected with the dengue virus and transmits the virus to the bloodstream after the bite.
But the disease cannot spread directly from person to person.
Symptoms of dengue
Symptoms of dengue usually appear 4 to 6 days after illness and often last for 10 days.
These symptoms include sudden high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, severe pain in joints and muscles, fatigue, vomiting, nausea, itchy skin (which occurs 2 to 5 days after fever) and slight bleeding. Nose, gums or scratching easily) are notable.
Symptoms are often mild and are thought to be the result of a flu or other viral infection.
In young children and people who have not been infected with dengue before, the severity of the disease is milder than in older children and adults.
But every patient can be at risk of serious problems such as dengue hemorrhagic fever, a complication of high fever, damage to the lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and gums, enlarged liver and circulatory system failure.
Serious symptoms can greatly increase bleeding and increase the risk of death.
People with weakened immune systems or people who have had dengue for a second time or more have a higher risk of getting dengue hemorrhagic fever.
Diagnosis and treatment of dengue
Doctors can diagnose dengue with a blood test.
There is currently no specific drug to treat dengue infection and if you think you have dengue you can use painkillers like paracetamol but it is important to avoid aspirin, as it can worsen bleeding.
Patients should rest, drink plenty of water and see a doctor, and if the condition worsens in the first 24 hours after the fever subsides, they should go to the hospital immediately.
If no dengue vaccine is available yet, use mosquito repellents to protect yourself, whether outside the home or office or inside the walls, wearing sleeveless shirts and stockings, and having AC in the home. Run it, make sure to prevent mosquitoes from entering windows and doors, use mosquito net if not AC.
Similarly, to reduce the population of mosquitoes, take measures to prevent their breeding, such as old tires, vases and others do not allow water to accumulate.
If someone in the home has dengue, be very careful to protect yourself and your family.
Infected people who get dengue from mosquito bites can spread the disease to other people in the home.